Mindy Pyle will present the program. “Early Genoa
Township Schools” to the Big Walnut Area Historical Society at 7:30
Tuesday, September 11, in the Myers Inn Meeting Room. Mindy is a
Trustee of the historical society. The program is free to the
Earliest settlers made do by teaching children in a home, shed or
any building until schoolhouses were built. The first schools in our
community were primitive subscription schools erected by volunteer
labor. Logs cut 16' or 18' lengths were used for the construction.
Broad boards composed the roof. Each had a fireplace, a clapboard
door. If there was a window it was probably greased paper to let in
light. Students benches were fashioned from trees. A subscription of
$1.00 to $3.50 per child was paid for a 3 month period. Teachers
boarded with the families. Readers consisted of The New Testament or
Old English Reader. Grammar was rarely taught.
In 1853, Ohio revised it’s education system by law forming a
Township Board of Education for each township. These boards
consisted of one representative of each sub-district school and the
clerk of the township. This group was invested with the title, care
and custody of all school property. They appropriated the money
among the sub-districts, determined what text books were to be used,
fixed the boundaries of the districts and located school sites. They
reported to the County Auditor annually. City and incorporated
villages acted as their own sub-district.
Each sub-district (usually 6-10 per township) had a school so
children did not walk more than a mile or two to school. Each had a
local board of directors who controlled the schools. They enumerated
the children of school age, employed and dismissed teachers, made
contracts for the building, and furnishings of the schools.
The state bill also eliminated the rate-bills and made education
free to all youths in the state. Thus one room schools began to
replace the primitive schools. Typically these structures were 22'
by 36' from outside to outside. Usually they were brick with more
than one window to provide light. Each had one door, a chimney
(usually for stove) and generally a blackboard as well as benches
and tables or desks.
On September 11, Pyle will go back to the start of Genoa schools in
1821. She will discuss the beginnings of the Genoa schools and go in
detail about the first four school sub-divisions in the district.
Many of the original school buildings still remain today! “We will
also partake in an exam that students were given to see if they were
ready to move beyond 8th grade. Do you think you will have the
knowledge to pass?”asked Pyle.
“My passion for local history and education stem from my own family
history. My family has generations of educators and has been part of
the Sunbury community for many years. My grandmother, Carol Wirick,
was an art teacher and a substitute teacher in Sunbury as her
children were growing up. My great-great aunt, Esther McCormick,
taught Home Economics and wrote many books on the history of our
family and Sunbury. I have been an educator for the past 12 years
and have lived in Sunbury since 2006,” noted Plye.