Andrew M. Anderson

Civil War Soldier

Co. C, 4th O.V.I & F&S 189th O.I. 
(OH Soldiers & Sailors Home)

by John Quist

      Andrew M. Anderson was born on April 21, 1841 in the town of Stratford, Delaware County, OH. (1)

      His carpenter and builder father, Alexander Anderson, was born in or about 1797 (2) in (West) Virginia, where his parents, Matthew and Isabella (Hughes) Anderson were married in about 1794. (3)  His father, Matthew, was from Scotland. (4)  On May 6, 1829, Alexander married Catherine Himrod, born on November 14, 1803 in the borough of Milton, Northumberland County, PA. (5)  She was of Scotch-Irish descent. (6)  Five children were reported born to Alexander and Catherine:  William (1832), Catherine (1835), John Alexander (1839), Andrew Matthew (1841), and James Gillis (1843). (7)  The family first appeared in the town of Delaware, OH in the 1830 U.S. federal census.  Alexander and Catherine (Himrod) Anderson died in Delaware, he on March 20, 1860 (8) and she on June 23, 1884, (9) and were buried there in the Oak Grove Cemetery. 

      “Andrew M. Anderson spent the greater part of his youth in the city of Delaware and is indebted to its school system for the educational privileges which he enjoyed, and which fitted him for the practical duties of life.  On laying aside his textbooks to learn the more difficult lessons of the school of experience, the task assigned to him was that of salesman in one of the dry-goods store of Delaware [Hinton Tallman’s?], where he served acceptably until the inception of the Civil war.” (10

      In April 1861, men of Ohio responded quickly to President Abraham Lincoln’s call for 75,000 volunteers to help crush the southern rebellion, and several new regiments were enrolled for a term of three months’ service, which was considered sufficient to end the war. (11)     

      On April 21, 1861 Andrew M. Anderson, enlisted as a Private (12) in Delaware County’s Company C, 4th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment (4th O.V.I.), (13) which was organized on April 25th at Camp Jackson in Columbus, OH. (14)   On May 4th, Private Anderson was appointed Full Sergeant. (15)

      The regiment was then moved on May 2, to the newly constructed Camp Dennison (about 12 miles northeast of downtown Cincinnati, OH), where it served three months on garrison duty. (16) On June 3rd, Alexander was mustered out, and on the 5th, enlisted as a Sergeant in Company C, of the reorganized three-year 4th O.V.I. (17

      After only a few days of training and drilling, they were moved to Grafton, (W)VA (June 20-23) and saw active service in western Virginia throughout 1861.  They then participated in the Battle of Winchester, VA (March 23, 1862) and Battle of Port Republic, VA (June 9).  They moved to Front Royal, VA (June 16), by rail to Alexandria, VA (June 29), and were briefly stationed at Fort Monroe before covering General John Pope’s retreat from the Second Battle of Bull Run (VA) on September 1st.  Their brigade (4th O.V.I., 8th O.V.I., 7th WV Infantry, and 14th IN Infantry) attacked Confederate positions at the Sunken Road at Antietam, MD (September 17) and suffered serious losses in a prolonged firefight, earning the nickname “Gibraltar Brigade” because of their firmness in battle. (18)  They then marched to Harper’s Ferry, (W)VA, arriving on September 29 (19) and staying there until October 30, (20) when they marched toward Falmouth, VA.  Six weeks later, the 4th O.V.I. was mauled in the disastrous and bloody Battle of Fredericksburg, VA (December 11-15).  They next participated in the “Mud March” (January 20-24, 1863), (21) which was Major General Ambrose Burnside’s abortive attempt to command the Army of the Potomac in a winter offensive in Virginia, after which he was replaced by President Lincoln. (22)  They recuperated at Falmouth, VA until April 27th.  While there, 2nd Lieutenant Anderson was promoted to Full 1st Lieutenant on March 24th. (23)  Things did not improve for the 4th O.V.I.  They were in the bloody Union defeat in the Chancellorsville, VA Campaign (April 30-May 6) and General Grant’s Overland Campaign (May-June 1864), including the inconclusive Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, VA (May 8-21), (24) during which Lieutenant Anderson was shot through the right thigh on May 12th. (25)  On July 2-3, the 4th Ohio was involved in the bloody Battle of Gettysburg, PA and then briefly pursued Confederate General Edward E. Lee into Virginia before being ordered to board ships for transport to New York City to help put down the New York Draft Riots (August 15-September 16).  Returning to Virginia, they were in the Bristoe Campaign (October 13-November 7) and Mine Run Campaign (November 27-December 2), but saw little combat.  They participated in the long Overland Campaign in Virginia (May-June, 1864), including the Battle of the Wilderness (May 5-7) and the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-21).  They next took part in the futile Battle of Cold Harbor, VA (May 31-June 12), including an ill-advised charge against Confederate entrenchments on the afternoon of June 3. (26)  The three year members of the 4th Ohio, including Lieutenant Anderson, were mustered out at Washington, DC on June 20th (27) and discharged at Camp Jackson, Columbus, OH on June 21st. (28

      When Alexander had regained his health, he was commissioned as a 1st Lieutenant (29) for one year in the Field and Staff of the 189th Ohio Infantry Regiment on March 5, 1865, serving as Regimental Quartermaster. (30)  The regiment was organized at Camp Chase, Columbus, OH on March 5th, and left for Huntsville, AL on the 7th.  The companies were assigned to duty along the Memphis & Charleston Railroad, guarding bridges and building stockades through June.  The regiment was then concentrated on June 20th and assigned to post duty at Huntsville until September 25th, when they were moved to Nashville, TN, where they were mustered out of service on September 28th. (31)

      While at Huntsville, Andrew must have received a furlough to return to Delaware, OH, for on August 15, 1865 there, he was married to Frances (“Fanny”) Mary Tallman (also went by Mary Frances or Fanny M.), (32) born in July 1839 in Canal Winchester, Fairfield County, OH. (33)  Her merchant father, Henton H. Tallman, was born on June 30, 1810 in the community of Royalton, Fairfield County, OH. (34)  On May 4, 1834 in the county, he married Amanda M. Thompson, (35) born in 1817 in Kentucky. (36)  Eleven children were reported born to them:  Phoebe Jane (1835), Nancy Elizabeth (1836), Nelson Gilruthie (1838) Frances Mary (1839), Winfield S. (1839), William Henry Harrison (1840), Emily Adeline (1845), George H. (1845), Oliver C. (1858), Olney Chase (1858), and Loretta (1872). (37)  [How many were twins was not stated.]  Henton and Amanda (Thompson) died in the county, he on February 14, 1891 (38) and she on July 17, 1893, (39) and were buried in Delaware’s Oak Grove Cemetery.

      Andrew’s brother, John A. Anderson, was a Private in Company C, 86th O.V.I. from May 27, 1862 until mustered out at Camp Chase on September 25, 1862. (40)  He then was commissioned as an officer in the Field and Staff of the 187th Ohio Infantry and served as Regimental Quartermaster until mustered out on August 26, 1865. (41)  When the George B. Torrence Post, Number 60 of the Grand Army of the Republic (G.A.R.) was organized on April 21, 1881 in Delaware City, J.A. Anderson (as his name was listed) was mustered in as a member on May 24, 1881, the same day on which Andrew was mustered in. (42)

      Frances’ brother, William Henry Harrison Tallman, enlisted on October 1, 1861 as a Private in the 66th O.V.I., was assigned to Delaware County’s Company E, promoted to Full Sergeant, reduced to Full Private, and mustered out on July 15, 1865 near Louisville, KY. (43)  He was mustered into G.A.R. Post 60 on May 27, 1884. (44)

      “When the war was over Mr. Anderson returned to Ohio, locating in Fremont, where for one year he engaged in merchandising.  He then accepted a position as traveling salesman and in that capacity was connected with different wholesale houses for twenty years. … In 1888 he accepted the position of adjutant of the Ohio Soldiers and Sailors’ Home, in Sandusky, which he has now [in 1898] filled for nine years.” (45)  “Captain” Anderson (46) served as Adjutant under General Manning Force and after his death on May 8, 1899, was promoted to Commandant. (47)

      Three children were reported born to Andrew and Frances Tallman:  Minnie T. (1866), Harry Eugene (1870), and Carl Francis (1881). (48

      On May 17, 1879, Andrew M. Anderson applied for a U.S. government pension as an “invalid” Union veteran of the Civil War. (49)

      “Mr. Anderson is a member of Sandusky Lodge, No. 50, F. & A.M. [Masons]. And since 1866 has been connected with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.  He joined that society in 1866 and now belongs to Crogham Lodge, No. 77, of Sandusky.  He holds a membership in the order of the Knights of Honor [a fraternal order and secret society] and is a comrade of [Col.] John [T.] Toland Post, [No. 695] G.A.R., an organization formed among the members of the Home.  He is also a member of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery, of Ohio.  Only men who were commissioned officers in the war of the Rebellion are eligible to membership in this order.” (50

      Andrew Anderson died on April 18, 1901 at Sandusky, OH (51) and was buried in Delaware’s Oak Grove Cemetery. (52)  On May 10, Mary F. Anderson applied for a government pension as the widow of a Union veteran. (53)

      Frances Mary (Tallman) Anderson died in Columbus, OH on January 8, 1921 (54) and was buried with Andrew in the Oak Grove Cemetery. (55)


Compiled by John W. Quist

Delaware, Ohio

August 12, 2014


1  Smith, Joseph P. (editor). “Andrew M. Anderson,”History of the Republican
    Party in Ohio
, The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago, IL, 1898, page 296

2  “Alexander Anderson.” Cortez/Hively Family Tree, (online) 

3  “Matthew Anderson.” Cortez/Hively Family Tree 

4  Footnote 1 

5  “Catherine Himrod.” Cortez/Hively Family Tree 

6  Footnote 1 

7  Footnote 5 

8  “Alexander Anderson.” Find A Grave Memorial, (online)

9  Footnote 5

 10  Footnote 1

 11  “4th O.V.I.” Wikipedia, (online)

 12  “Andrew M. Anderson.” 1890 Veterans Schedules,

13  “Andrew M. Anderson.” U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-
, search.ancestry.-com (4th O.V.I.)

14  Footnote 11

 15  “Andrew M. Anderson.” Company C, 4th O.V.I. (3 months), Official Roster of
       the Soldiers of the State
of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Vol.
       I, The Werner Company., Akron, OH, 1893,    page 65

16  Footnote 11

 17  “Andrew M. Anderson.” Company C, 4th O.V.I. (3 years), Official Roster of
       the Soldiers of the State
of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Vol.
       I, Wilstach, Baldwin & Co., Cincinnati, OH, 1886, page 96

18  Footnote 11

19  Kepler, William. History of the Three Months’ and Three Years’ Service,
      from April 16, 1861 to June
22d, 1864, of the Fourth Regiment Ohio
     Volunteer Infantry in the War for the Union
, Leader Printing Company,
     Cleveland, OH, 1886, page 83

 20  Ibid, page 86

 21  Footnote 11

 22  “Mud March.” Wikipedia

23  Footnote 13

 24  Footnote 11

 25  Footnote 1

26  Footnote 11

 27  Footnote 1

28  Footnote 11

29  “Andrew M. Anderson.” U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-
  (189th O.V.I.)

 30  “Andrew M. Anderson.” Field and Staff, 189th O.V.I., Official Roster of the
       Soldiers of the State
of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Vol. X,
       The Ohio Valley Company, Cincinnati, OH, 1889, page 85


31  “189th O.V.I.” Wikipedia 

32  “Mary F. Tallman.” Ohio, Marriages, 1800-1958, (online)

  “Frances Mary Tallman.” Cortez/Hively Family Tree

34  “Henton H. Tallman.” Cortez/Hively Family Tree 

35  “Amanda M. Thompson.” Ohio, Marriages, 1800-1958

36  “Amanda M. Thompson Tallman.” Find A Grave Memorial

37  “Amanda M. Thompson.” Cortez/Hively Family Tree

38  “Henton H. Tallman.” Find A Grave Memorial

39  Footnote 36

 40  “John A. Anderson.” U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-
  (86th O.V.I.)

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